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Books and Documents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE

CHAPTER:

I. Typhoid and the paratyphoid fevers. By Lieut. Col. Joseph F. Siler, M. C.,and Maj. John S. Lambie, jr., M. C.

II. Inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract (bronchitis; influenza;bronchopneumonia; lobar pneumonia). By Maj. Milton W. Hall, M. C.

III. Tuberculosis. By Col. George E. Bushnell, M. C.

IV. Cerebrospinal meningitis. By Maj. James S. Simmons, M. C., and Maj. Henry C.Michie, M. C.

V. Anthrax. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

VI. Diphtheria. By Maj. John W. Meehan, M. C., and Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

VII. The venereal diseases. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

VIII. The diarrheal group of diseases. By Maj. Milton W. Hall, M. C., and Maj.Henry C. Michie, M. C.

IX. Smallpox. By Lieut. Col. Joseph F. Siler, M. C., and Maj. Henry C. Michie,M. C.

X. Chicken-pox. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XI. Scarlet fever. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XII. Measles. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C., and Maj. George E. Lull, M. C.

XIII. Mumps. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XIV. German measles. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XV. Encephalitis lethargica. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XVI. Infectious jaundice; typhus fever; trench fever. By Maj. Arthur N. Tasker,M. C.

XVII. Vincent's disease. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XVIII. The malarial fevers. By Lieut. Col. Charles F. Craig, M. C.

XIX. Intestinal parasites. By Maj. Charles A. Kofoid, S. C.

XX. Diseases of the skin. By Maj. Arthur N. Tasker, M. C.

XXI. Neurocirculatory asthenia. By Col. Harlow Brooks, M. C.

XXII. Decisions as to whether or not disabilities were in line of duty. By Col.Weston P. Chamberlain, M. C.

LIST OF TABLES

Table:

1. Typhoid fever. United States Army by war periods; also the British Army(South African War), showing admissions and deaths. Absolute numbers, rates per1,000 per annum, and case mortality rates.

2. Typhoid fever. Deaths by years, 1890 to 1919, white enlisted men, UnitedStates Army, and estimated rates for male civilian population, ages 20 to 34.Annual rates per 1,000.

3. Typhoid fever and typhoid vaccination. Admissions, deaths, discharges fordisability, and days lost from duty, officers and enlisted men (white, colored,and native troops) United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

4. Typhoid fever. By country of occurrence, showing percentage relationshipto total admissions and deaths from disease, and relative standing among the 30most common causes of admissions and deaths, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

5. Typhoid fever, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. Vaccinated and unvaccinatedgroups, population, admissions, and deaths. Absolute numbers with rates per1,000 and case fatality.

6. Typhoid fever. Admissions, enlisted men, by camps, September 1, 1917, toDecember 31, 1918. Absolute numbers and rates per 1,000.

7. Typhoid fever. By years of occurrence, in the armies of seven of theimportant nations involved in the World War, showing number of cases and deathswith ratios per 1,000 per annum, and case fatality rates, 1914 to 1919.

8. Typhoid fever. Concurrent with other diseases, enlisted men, United StatesArmy, serving in the United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31,1919.

9. Paratyphoid fevers. Officers and enlisted men, April 1, 1917, to December31, 1919, by country of occurrence, admissions, and deaths. Absolute numbers andrates per 1,000.

10. Respiratory diseases. Primary admissions, officers and enlisted men,United States Army, by countries, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolutenumbers, and annual ratios per 1,000.

11. Respiratory diseases. Deaths, officers and enlisted men, United StatesArmy, by countries, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers andratios per 1,000.

12. Respiratory diseases. Officers and enlisted men, United States Army, bycountries, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Case fatalities and ratios ofbronchopneumonia to lobar pneumonia.

13. Total respiratory diseases (influenza, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, andlobar pneumonia), white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, in theUnited States, by months, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

14. Total respiratory diseases (influenza, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, andlobar pneumonia), white and colored enlisted men, United States Army in Europe,by months, from June, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

15. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men, in theUnited States, by months, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

16. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men, in the UnitedStates, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

17. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men, in theUnited States, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

18. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men in the UnitedStates, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

19. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in Europe,from June, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

20. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in Europe, fromJune, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

21. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men inEurope, from November, 1917, to September 30, 1919.

22. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men in Europe,from November 1, 1917, to September 30, 1919.

23. Incidence of influenza and of influenza-pneumonia by weeks, June 17,1918, to December 29, 1919. Annual rates per 1,000.

24. Relative admission and death rates, and case fatalities from therespiratory group of diseases for white enlisted men, United States Army, byState of birth.

25. Relative position of the States in respect of rates of natives foradmissions, deaths, and case fatality from the respiratory group of diseases,white enlisted men, United States Army.

26. Relative admission and death rates and case fatality for the respiratorygroup of diseases for colored enlisted men by State of birth, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919.

27. Influenza and pneumonia. Admissions, deaths, and case fatality rates, for40 large camps in the United States during the fall epidemic, 1918.

28. Cerebrospinal meningitis. Primary admissions, and deaths shown bycountries of occurrence for officers and enlisted men, United States Army, withratios per 1,000 strength, April, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

29. Cerebrospinal meningitis. Primary admissions, and deaths by months withannual ratios per 1,000 strength; white and colored enlisted men, United StatesArmy in the United States and Europe, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

30. Cerebrospinal meningitis. By camps of occurrence, showing primaryadmissions and deaths, with annual ratios per 1,000 strength, white and coloredenlisted men, United States Army; also case fatality rates, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919.

31. Anthrax. Admissions and deaths, by countries, officers and enlisted men,United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

32. Anthrax. Admissions and deaths, by specified camps of occurrence,enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

33. Diphtheria. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost,officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31,1919.
Absolute numbers and annual ratios per 1,000.

34. Diphtheria. Admissions and deaths by months, white and colored enlistedmen, United States Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December31, 1919.

35. Diphtheria. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white andcolored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and annual ratios per 1,000.

36. Diphtheria carriers. Admissions, discharges for disability, and dayslost, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army,April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and annual ratios per1,000.

37. Diphtheria carriers. Admissions, by months, white and colored enlistedmen, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

38. Results of cultures for the detection of diphtheria bacilli amongsoldiers arriving at the port of Hoboken on transports, December, 1918, to May,1919.

39. Diphtheria carriers and clinical cases of diphtheria, relativeoccurrence, at Debarkation Hospital No. 3, New York, December, 1918, to May,1919.

40. Diphtheria carriers. Duration of carrier state, embarkation anddebarkation hospitals, New York, showing absolute numbers and average periods ofhospitalization by 10-day groupings.

41. Venereal diseases (all). Primary admissions, deaths, discharges fordisability, and noneffectiveness, officers and enlisted men, United States Army,by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolutenumbers and ratios per 1,000.

42. Defects found in drafted men. Venereal diseases (all).

43. Gonococcus infection. Primary admissions, deaths, discharges fordisability, and noneffectiveness, officers and enlisted men, United States Army,by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolutenumbers and ratios per 1,000.

44. Complications, sequel? and concurrent diseases, among primary admissionsfor gonococcus infections in the United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December31, 1919.

45. Syphilis. Primary admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, andnoneffectiveness, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries ofoccurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per1,000.

46. Primary admissions with complications, sequel? and concurrent diseasesreported of 12,843 cases of syphilis in the United States Army, April 1, 1917,to December 31, 1919.

47. Diarrheal diseases. Primary admissions, white enlisted men in the UnitedStates, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Annual rates per 1,000 by months.

48. The diarrheal diseases (dysentery, acute and chronic, and diarrhea).Admissions and deaths, absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000 per annum, whiteenlisted men, United States Army, 1819 to 1919.

49. Dysentery (all), diarrhea, andenterocolitis. Officers and enlisted men,United States Army, by countries of occurrence. Primary admissions, deaths,discharges for disability, and noneffectiveness, absolute numbers and ratios per1,000 per annum, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

50. Diarrheal group of diseases. Comparative mortality in the United StatesArmy during the World War, and the United States registration area, males, age20-34, 1917-1919. Annual death rates per 1,000.

51. Dysentery. Incidence by types, and annual ratios per 1,000 by months,white enlisted men, United States Army, in the United States, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919.

52. Dysentery. Incidence by types, and annual ratios per 1,000 by months,white enlisted men, United States Army, in Europe, April, 1917, to December,1919.

53. Dysentery (all types). Primary admissions, United States Army, 1917 to1919, shown by etiological types. Total cases in the United States and Europe.Absolute numbers.

54. Smallpox. Admissions and deaths, white enlisted men, United States Army,1840 to 1919. Rates per 1,000.

55. Smallpox. Admissions and deaths United States Army in the Civil War,Spanish American War and Philippine Insurrection, and the World War. Absolutenumbers and ratios per 10,000.

56. Smallpox. Admissions and deaths, by countries of occurrence, officers andenlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolutenumbers and ratios per 1,000.

57. Smallpox. Admissions by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlistedmen, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbersand ratios per 1,000.

58. Smallpox. Numbers of admissions and ratios per 1,000 enlisted men (whiteand colored), United States Army, by States and groups of States, and comparableratios per 1,000 among the civilian population of these States and groups, April1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

59. Chicken-pox. Admissions and days lost, officers and enlisted men, UnitedStates Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

60. Scarlet fever. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and dayslost, by countries, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1,1917, to December 31, 1919.

61. Scarlet fever. Admissions and deaths, white and colored enlisted men,United States Army, United States and Europe, by months, April 1, 1917, toDecember 31, 1919.

62. Scarlet fever. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white andcolored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

63. Scarlet fever. Complications, sequel?, and concurrent diseases, April 1,1917, to December 31, 1919.

64. Admissions and deaths from scarlet fever, concurrent with other diseases,enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, toDecember 31, 1919.

65. Measles. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, bycountries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1,1917, to December 31, 1919.

66. Measles. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white and coloredenlisted men, in the United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

67. Measles and population, United States registration area, all ages, byStates of occurrence, showing estimated population, July 1, 1918. Admissions,and deaths. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

68. Measles. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, byrace, enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

69. Measles. Admissions, deaths, and case fatality rates, white and coloredenlisted men, United States Army, by sections of the United States, April 1,1917, to December 31, 1919.

70. Measles. Concurrent diseases and complications, enlisted men in theUnited States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

71. Measles with bronchopneumonia. Admissions, deaths, and discharges fordisability, by length of service, white enlisted men in the United States, April1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

72. Measles with lobar pneumonia. Admissions, deaths, and discharges fordisability, by length of service, white enlisted men in the United States, April1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

73. Mumps. Admissions, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countriesof occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, toDecember 31, 1919.

74. Mumps. Admissions, by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlistedmen, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

75. Mumps. Admissions, by months, white and colored enlisted men, UnitedStates Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

76. German measles. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and dayslost, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army,April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

77. German measles. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white andcolored enlisted men, United States Army, with ratios per 1,000 strength, andcase fatality rates, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

78. German measles. Admissions, by months, white and colored enlisted men,United States Army, United States and Europe, Absolute numbers and ratios per1,000, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

79. Comparative occurrence, measles, German measles, and scarlet fever, in aselected group of camps in the United States, 1917 and 1918. Ratios per 1,000.

80. Vincent's disease. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, anddays lost, white and colored enlisted men and native troops, United States Army,by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolutenumbers.

81. Malarial fevers. Admissions and deaths, enlisted men, United States Army,1911 to 1920. Ratios per 1,000.

82. Malarial fevers. Admissions, deaths, and discharges for disability,officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31,1919.
Absolute numbers, ratios per 1,000, per cent of total diseases, and relativestandings.

83. Malarial fevers. Admissions deaths, discharges for disability and dayslost, by race, enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31,1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

84. Malarial fevers. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and dayslost, by countries of occurrence, white enlisted men, United States Army, April1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

85. Malarial fevers. Large camps, United States. Admissions, deaths, anddischarges for disability, white and colored enlisted men, April 1, 1917, toDecember 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

86. Malarial fevers. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, by Stateof induction, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, United Statesand Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

87. Malarial fevers. Admissions by months, white and colored enlisted men,United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratiosper 1,000.

88. Malarial fevers, secondary to other diseases. Enlisted men, United Statesand Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers, ratios per1,000, and percentage rates.

89. Comparative results in detection of ova by direct smear and brineflotation-loop methods.

90. Hookworm infection in States in the hookworm area.

91. Hookworm infection in the Middle West-Mississippi Valley.

92. Hookworm infection in the Northeastern States.

93. Hookworm infection in the Pacific Slope States.

94. Summary of infection by intestinal parasites in 2,300 overseas troops and576 home service troops, United States Army.

95. Infections by hookworm and Hymenolepis nana in men from NorthernStates.

96. Infections by hookworm and Hymenolepis nana in men from SouthernStates.

97. Diseases of the skin and cellular tissue. Primary admissions, officersand enlisted man, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.Absolute numbers.

 LIST OF CHARTS

Chart:

I. Typhoid and typhus fevers, white enlisted men, United States Army,admissions and deaths, 1820-1919

II. Typhoid fever, enlisted men, United States Army, in continental UnitedStates, excluding Alaska, admissions and deaths, by years, for the period 1897-1919.Annual rates per 1,000

III. Deaths, typhoid fever, for white enlisted men, and estimated rates formale civilians, ages 20-34, 1890-1919

IV. Typhoid fever. Positive, clinical, and suspect cases, AmericanExpeditionary Forces, showing strength, cases reported, and rates per 100,000 ofstrength, by weeks

V. Comparative trends of mortality rates per 1,000 for pneumonia andinfluenza, United States registration area for deaths, 1911-1920

VI. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in theUnited States for influenza, bronchitis, lobar pneumonia, and bronchopneumonia,by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

VII. The relations between the annual admission rates per 1,000 strength,white enlisted men in the United States, of the combined influenza andbronchitis and the combined lobar pneumonia and bronchopneumonia, by months,April, 1917, to December, 1919

VIII. Annual admission and death rates per 1,000 strength, for white andcolored enlisted men in the United States, total respiratory group of diseases,by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

IX. Annual admission and death rates for white and colored enlisted men inEurope, total respiratory group of diseases, by months, June, 1917, to December,1919

X. Annual admission and death rates per 1,000 strength for white enlisted menin the United States and in Europe, total respiratory group of diseases, bymonths, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XI. Annual admission and death rates per 1,000 strength for colored enlistedmen in the United States and in Europe, total respiratory group of diseases, bymonths, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XII. Case fatality rates, total respiratory group of diseases for whiteenlisted men in the United States and in Europe, by months, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919

XIII. Case fatality rates, total respiratory group of diseases, for coloredenlisted men in the United States and in Europe, by months, July, 1917, toDecember, 1919

XIV. Incidence of influenza and influenzal pneumonia, by weeks, for certaincamps in the United States, June 17 to December 29, 1918. Annual admission ratesper 1,000 strength

XV. Percentage of total deaths from influenzal pneumonia during the warperiod occurring in each of the specified groups of length of service

XVI. The relative mortality rates per 1,000 strength from influenzalpneumonia during the war period in each of the specified groups of length ofservice

XVII. The relative admission rates for the respiratory group of diseases forwhite enlisted men by State of birth

XVIII. The relative death rates from the respiratory group of diseases forwhite enlisted men by State of birth

XIX. Case fatality rates (per cent) of the respiratory group of diseases forwhite enlisted men, by State of birth

XX. Relative admission and death rates and case fatalities for therespiratory group of diseases in the various groups of States, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919

XXI. Relative death rates from the respiratory group of diseases by groups ofStates for the war period with the figures given by Vaughan and Palmer for theearly months of the mobilization

XXII. Comparison of effects of the fall epidemic of influenza on camps ofdifferent size in the United States

XXIII. A comparison of the variations in the annual admission rates for thetotal respiratory diseases, the case fatality of measles, and the percentage ofmeasles cases developing pneumonia, white enlisted men in 36 large camps in theUnited States, October, 1917, to March, 1919

XXIV. The relation between the total respiratory diseases and the pneumonias,annual rates per 1,000 for the 24 large camps in the United States which showeda definite peak for these diseases in the 1918 spring epidemic.

XXV. Tuberculosis, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States,April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XXVI. Admissions and deaths for cerebrospinal meningitis, United States Army,1900 to 1920. Ratios per 1,000 strength

XXVII. Cerebrospinal meningitis, comparative rates, white and coloredenlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXVIII. Cerebrospinal meningitis and mobilization. Admissions and number ofenlisted men mobilized, United States. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917,to December, 1919

XXIX. Cerebrospinal meningitis, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men,United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXX. Diphtheria. Comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, UnitedStates, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXI. Diphtheria, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States,April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXII. Diphtheria, by native States, white enlisted men, United States Army,United States and Europe, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XXXIII. Venereal diseases (all) and mobilization. Admissions and number ofmen mobilized, United States. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919

XXXIV. Venereal diseases (all) and enlisted strength, white and coloredtroops, United States and Europe, comparative trend by months, April, 1917, toDecember, 1919 

XXXV. Venereal diseases (all) and enlisted strength, actual for white troopsbut both raised for colored troops, United States and Europe. Comparative trendby months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXVI. The diarrheal group of diseases. Annual admission rates by months fordysentery (all), diarrhea, and enterocolitis, white enlisted men in the UnitedStates

XXXVII. The diarrheal group of diseases. Admissions and deaths in the UnitedStates Army, 1819 to 1919. Annual rates per thousand

XXXVIII. Dysentery, incidence by etiologic types by months, annual rates per1,000, white enlisted men, United States Army, in the United States

XXXIX. Dysentery. Comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, UnitedStates, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XL. Dysentery. Comparative trend, enlisted men, United States Army, UnitedStates and Europe, admissions and deaths by months, April, 1917, to December,1919

XLI. Smallpox, white enlisted men, United States Army, admissions and deaths,1840-1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLII. Smallpox in the United States Army and civil population, April 1, 1917,to December 31, 1919. Occurrence by groups of States. Ratios per 1,000population

XLIII. Scarlet fever. By States of occurrence, white and colored enlistedmen, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLIV. Measles. White enlisted men, United States Army, admissions and deaths,1840-1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLV. Measles. Civil, Spanish American, and Philippine Insurrection, and WorldWars, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, by months. Ratios per1,000

XLVI. Measles and mobilization. Admissions and number of enlisted menmobilized, United States. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917, to December,1919

XLVII. Measles, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States,April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLVIII. Measles, by native States, white enlisted men, United States andEurope, United States Army, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLIX. Measles. Comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, UnitedStates, April, 1917, to December, 1919

L. Measles. Comparative trend, enlisted men, United States Army, UnitedStates and Europe. Admissions and deaths by months, April, 1917, to December,1919

LI. German measles. Comparative trend, enlisted men, United States Army, UnitedStates and Europe. Admissions by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

LII. Scabies. White and colored enlisted men, United States, by months. Rateper 1,000

LIII. Scabies. White and colored enlisted men in Europe, by months. Rate per1,000